Recent publication in Social Indicators Research
Intervention Efﬁcacy Among ‘At Risk’ Adolescents: A Test of Subjective Wellbeing Homeostasis Theory
The study will be of interest to researchers undertaking intervention-type research, especially involving children/adolescents. The results contribute to our understanding of the potential for interventions to improve SWB by highlighting the need for targeted-programs. The results clearly demonstrate that people at the lower end of the SWB spectrum will be most responsive to intervention and have the greatest potential to beneﬁt from additional resources.
Abstract. This study tests a number of theoretical predictions based on subjective wellbeing (SWB) Homeostasis Theory. This theory proposes that SWB is actively maintained and defended within a narrow, positive range of values around a ‘set-point’ for each person. Due to homeostatic control, it is predicted to be very difficult to substantially increase SWB in samples operating normally within their set-point-range. However, under conditions of homeostatic defeat, where SWB is lower than normal, successful interventions should be accompanied by a substantial increase as each person’s SWB returns to lie within its normal range of values. This study tests these propositions using a sample of 4,243 participants in an Australian Federal Government Program for ‘at-risk’ adolescents. SWB was measured using the Personal Wellbeing Index and results are converted to a metric ranging from 0 to 100 points. The sample was divided into three sub-groups as 0-50, 51 to 69, and 70+points. The theoretical prediction was confirmed. The largest post-intervention increase in SWB was in the 0-50 group and lowest in the 70+ group. However, a small increase in SWB was observed in the normal group, which was significant due to the large sample size. The implications of these findings for governments, schools and policy makers are discussed.
Reference: Tomyn, A.J., Weinberg, M.K., & Cummins, R.A. (2014, Online first). Intervention Efﬁcacy Among ‘At Risk’ Adolescents: A Test of Subjective Wellbeing Homeostasis Theory. Social Indicators Research. DOI 10.1007/s11205-014-0619-5.